Study and development of a GIS for fire-fighting activities based on INSPIRE directive

Andrea Maria Lingua, Marco Piras, maria angela Musci, Francesca Noiardo, Nives Grasso, Vittorio Verda

Abstract


According to the Annual Fire Report 2013 (European Commission-Joint Research Centre, 2014), there have been 873 forest fires in Europe, in 2013, for a total of 340559 ha of territory. A comparison of this data to that of the previous years, highlights that, when the intended goal is that of preserving the environment and saving human lives, the importance of the correct management of forest fires can not be underestimated. In the past years, the European Union has invested in the development of the INSPIRE Directive
(Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe) to support environmental policies. Furthermore, the EU is currently working on developing "ad hoc" infrastructures for the safe management of forests and fires.
The AF3 EU project (Advanced Forest Fire Fighting), financed by the FP7, addresses the issue of developing innovative tools to handle all stages of forest fires. The project develops a single control center for the coordination of monitoring, manoeuvring, and post-fire operations. The SDI platform (Spatial Data Infrastructure) represents another component which was designed in the context of this project. It is based on a GIS (Geographic Information System) which is able to efficiently integrate multi-modal data.
Following an analysis of the state of the art of information systems for forest fire-fighting, and in light of the end-user requirements analyzed within the AF3 project, we propose a geo-topographic database based on the INSPIRE Directive and developed on opensource platforms, which provides interoperability of the data and allows forecasting and monitoring of high-risk areas, decision making,
damage estimation, and post-fire management.


Parole chiave


INSPIRE directive; fire fighting; GIS

Full Text

PDF

Riferimenti bibliografici


Andrews, P.L.and Rothermel R.C. (1982), Charts for interpreting wildland fire behaviour characteristics. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech.

Rep. INT-131.

Bovio G., (1993), Comportamento degli incendi boschivi estinguibili con attacco diretto. Monti e Boschi, 4: 19-24.

Burgan, R.E., Klaver, R.W. & Klaver, JM. (1998), Fuel Models and Fire Potential from Satellite and Surface Observations, International

Journal of WiIdIand Fire, 8: 159-170.

Cesti G., Cesti C. (1999), Antincendio Boschivo. Manuale operativo per l’equipaggio dell’autobotte. Musumeci, Quart, Aosta, vol 2.

Cesti G., (2002), Tipologie e comportamenti particolari del fuoco: risvolti nelle operazioni di estinzione, Il fuoco in foresta: ecologia e

controllo. Atti del XXXIX Corso di Cultura in Ecologia. Università degli Studi di Padova, Regione del Veneto, Centro Studi per

l’Ambiente Alpino, S. Vito di Cadore, 2-6 settembre 2002: 77-116.

Perry, D. G. (1990), Wildland Firefighting: Fire Behavior, Tactics, and Command, ed. Donald G. Perry.

Teie, W. C. (2005), Firefighter’s Handbook on Wildland Firefighting, 3nd ed. Deer Valley. Chuvieco, E. et al., (2010). Development of

a framework for fire risk assessment using remote sensing and geographic information system technologies.

Han Shuting, Han Yibin, Jin Jizhong, Zhou Wei (1987), The method for calculating forest fire behaviour index, Heilongjiang Forest

Protection Institute, Harbin, China, 77-82.

http://www.s3lab.polito.it/progetti/progetti_in_corso/af3 (08/10/2014)

http://forest.jrc.ec.europa.eu/effis/ (08/10/2014)

http://www.isotc211.org/ (06/11/2014)

http://inspire.ec.europa.eu/index.cfm/pageid/2 (03/11/2014)

http://www.postgresql.org (05/05/2015)


Refback

  • Non ci sono refbacks, per ora.