The new findings from Antikythera mechanism front plate astronomical dial and its reconstruction

Aristeidis Voulgaris, Andreas Vossinakis, Christophoros Mouratidis

Abstract


The present study aims to investigate the astronomical calendar-dial
display of the Antikythera Mechanism Front Plate. The design, position
and role of the Zodiac ring, are investigated and discussed. Special
photographs taken from the ancient prototype, give us new information
about the design and operation of the front dial. From these
new findings about the Zodiac ring, we conclude that the user of the
mechanism was able to easily perform astronomical calculations at
any selected time - of past or future date. Based on the new findings
during ‘’The Functional Reconstruction of Antikythera Mechanism
Project’’ (FRAMe), we reconstructed the new bronze front plate and
we placed it in our functional model of the Antikythera Mechanism.


Parole chiave


Antikythera Mechanism; Front Plate; Zodiac Month; Zodiac Ring Front Dial; Egyptian calendar ring

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